Dr Richard S.J. Tol MAE is a Professor of Economics, University of Sussex, and the Professor of the Economics of Climate Change, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is an elected Member of the European Academy. He holds an M.Sc. in econometrics (1992) and a Ph.D. in economics (1997) from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is ranked among the top 100 economists in the world and among the top 100 most-cited climate scholars. He has 303 publications in learned journals. He specialises in the economics of energy, environment, and climate, and is interested in integrated assessment modelling. He is the editor-in-chief for Energy Economics. He is working on the fourth edition of the only textbook on the economics of climate change.